3 (1) | A (7) | B (7) | C (16) | D (11) | E (2) | F (4) | G (2) | H (4) | I (7) | J (1) | K (1) | L (4) | M (7) | N (2) | O (1) | P (9) | Q (2) | R (9) | S (13) | T (3) | U (3) | V (2) | W (1)

3D Printing

The library has a few three dimensional printers available to create 3D objects. 3D printing uses various types of materials and processes to create objects out of layers of printed material. For more information, visit the 3D Printing Studio page.


An abstract is a summary of an article that explains why the researchers did their investigations, the methods they used, and what they learned from their research (also called the "findings," "results," or "conclusion").


1. Access is permission to use or availability of a library material. It can be an online resource like a database or a print resource like a book. As a member of the IUPUI community, you have access to University Library's resources.

2. An access tool is a database search screen or a library catalog search screen.

Adaptive Technology

Also called "assistive technology," this term refers to devices and software that enable people with disabilities to do tasks that were otherwise difficult or impossible to do. For example, screen reading technology can help a visually impaired person to use the internet without assistance from another person. Braille books, wheelchairs, and hearing aids are other examples of adaptive technology. Find out what software is available at the library.

Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is a bibliography with information that accompanies each citation that discusses what is in the cited work and why it might be relevant to your research.


1. An organized group of documents made in connection with the function of the campus and library. Archives usually contain historical, rare, or other valuable material. Archives often include primary source material.

2. Archives can also refer to the physical location, or room, where the documents are kept. The Ruth Lilly Special Collections and Archives at University Library are located on the basement level. Archives can also hold or be called Special Collections

Artist Book

An artist book is a book or book-like object that is created by an artist to express personal ideas or experiences. Artists books can be made from many different materials and are created with unique forms and structures. The Herron Art Library has some artist books for the IUPUI community to view.


Authority is the expertise or qualifications that a person or organization has to say something. For example, an expert in Psychology has the authority to write about psychological information because they have knowledge and a degree in that field. If a document is "authoritative," it has credibility and power to persuade readers because of the expertise or credentials of the author. 


Of or related to published literature. A bibliographic record of a book includes the information required to create a citation (title, author, etc.) and may also include other descriptions of the book and its content. A catalog record of a book is an example of a bibliographic record that also has information about where the book is located.


A list of citations for books, periodicals, government documents, and other materials. Typically, the citations are listed in alphabetical order, but it may depend on the citation style you use [for example, Modern Language Association (MLA), American Psychological Association (APA), or Council of Science Editors (CSE)].

Book Review

A book review is information about a book that judges its content and quality. Book reviews can be scholarly and are written by academics for other scholars or they can be written for a general audience by a journalist or volunteer. They can contain literary criticism, but do not have to.

Boolean Search

A Boolean search uses the connectors AND, OR, and NOT to create search statements. AND, OR, and NOT each have logical functions and make your search produce specific results. For example, a search for 'cats AND dogs' will find information about BOTH, but a search for 'cats OR dogs' will find information about EITHER animal but not necessarily both in the same information  source.


The library allows people to borrow, or "check out," a book for free for a certain amount of time. You must return or renew the book at the due date of the borrowing period. You can check loan periods and borrowing limits.

Bound Journal (Bound Periodical)

Journals are usually printed on paper, like a magazine or other periodical. To preserve them, the library sends them to a bindery to have the paper journals put inside of a hard book cover, or "binding." Hardback books or hardcover books are another example of bound materials.


A software program that enables users to access Internet resources. Google Chrome, Safari, Mozilla Firefox, and Microsoft Internet Explorer and Edge are all browsers.

Call Number

A group of alpha/numeric characters given to library materials based on their subject. These materials are stored under that number on a shelf. The call number is usually located on the spine of the item. University Library uses call numbers based on the Library of Congress Classification System.


The catalog is an online and public list of resources a library owns or provides access to. Our catalog is called IUCAT, or Indiana University catalog, and allows you to search materials at all IU campuses.

Catalog record

A catalog record has bibliographic information about a library item. When you click on the title of an item in your IUCAT search results, the screen that appears is the catalog record.


Suppressing words, images, ideas, information, books, etc. 


A type of communication from person to person through typed messages, via computer or mobile device. 

Check out

The library allows people to borrow, or "check out," a book for free for a certain amount of time. You must return or renew the book at the due date of the borrowing period.

Circulation Desk

The circulation desk at the University Library is called the Service & Information Desk and is located on the second floor. This is where you can check out and renew materials, pay late fees, request reserve materials, pick up interlibrary loan (ILL) items, or ask research or general questions. 


1. A line or short section taken from a piece of writing or a speech.

2. A list of information about a piece of writing, speech, or other information source that tells another reader where to find the information. The list can follow a certain style, for example, Modern Language Association (MLA), American Psychological Association (APA), or Council of Science Editors (CSE).

Citation chaining

Citation chaining can be a helpful search strategy to identify additional sources. Researchers begin with one relevant article as their starting point, and look at the citations listed at the end of the publication to find resources that are closely related to their topic. This approach is called "backwards citation chaining." Researchers can also find out who has cited an article through "forward citation chaining" in order to get updated research.


The action of creating a citation and giving credit to another author's work.

Classification System

A classification system is a set of rules and guidelines for a library to organize its materials in a logical and searchable manner. Most academic libraries, including IUPUI University Library, use the Library of Congress Classification System for its call numbers.


1. Some libraries are called "Commons" or have an area within the building that is called the "Commons." This term refers to a library that offers additional spaces like creative makerspaces or collaborative study areas. Commons are spaces for the community to use.

2. Commons can also be online spaces for people to store and share work and resources with others. Online commons are often called “digital commons” and are run by institutions like universities or other organizations or companies. Online commons at an institution sometimes host an institutional repository.


The right to publish and sell a work. It is granted to an author, composer, artist, etc. by the government. The date of copyright usually appears on the reverse side of the book's title page. A small © preceding a date indicates the book was copyrighted in that year.

Course Reserves

The materials that a faculty member has made available to a class are placed "on reserve" to be available for a limited time. These materials are located at the Service & Information Desk on the second floor.

Creative Commons License

A Creative Commons Copyright License is a license for creators and authors to share their work with certain rights or restrictions. This type of copyright license was developed by the non-profit organization, Creative Commons. Many of these licenses have less restrictions than traditional copyright laws and allow for sharing and reuse of a creative work with the public without permission from the author.

Current Periodicals

Current Periodicals is an area in University Library where the most recent magazines, journals, and newspapers are kept. When they become older, they may be recycled or moved to the stacks.

Data Management

Data Management involves technological architectures, policies, practices, and procedures for creating and managing a researcher's data. 


A body of information that a machine can read and which you can access by computer. A database is designed to find information and may be organized around a specific subject or discipline like Psychology. Some of the most popular databases include Academic Search Premier (EBSCO), JSTOR, and Web of Science. You may hear these databases referred to by the database provider or vendor, for example: EBSCO, ProQuest, Gale.

Database Thesaurus

A database thesaurus, also called a "controlled vocabulary," is a list of the Subject Terms that are tagged and often hyperlinked on the item records to help you find information on a topic. You can search the thesaurus to find the best term to describe your topic, also called the "preferred term." For example, the Subject Term college campuses is tagged on all articles that are about college and university campuses.

Digital Collection

A digital collection is a body of work that is in an electronic form and usually has a unifying theme or donor. Digital collections are available online and may be part of a digital library. The process of creating digital objects is called "digitization."

Digital Humanities

Digital humanities, or DH, is a field of study at the intersection of computing and the disciplines of the humanities. DH has many definitions because it is a new and changing field. DH can be the use of computing tools in the course of humanities research, the presentation of humanities research in a digital environment, or the investigation of the intersection of media, technology, and culture in the “digital age.” 

Digital Library

A digital library is a collection or collections of digital material that is available online. Usually a library or other cultural institution like a museum creates and puts digital libraries online. The process of creating digital objects is called "digitization."

Digital Scholarship

Digital scholarship involves all aspects of scholarship in the digital world from creation to publication, dissemination and preservation.


A dissertation is a long research paper or essay prepared by a graduate student who is in a PhD program as the basis for their application for a doctoral degree. It may also be called a “graduate thesis.”

Document Delivery

A service that retrieves or photocopies information sources for library users. Some libraries restrict document delivery services to distance education students, faculty members, or graduate students.


Acronym for Digital Object Identifier (DOI). It is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by the publisher to a digital object.


1. To transfer information from a computer to a program or storage device to be viewed at a later date. 

2. To transfer information from one computer to another computer using a modem.

E-Book (or Electronic Book)

An electronic version of a book that can be read on a computer or mobile device.


A person or group responsible for compiling the writings of others into a single information source. Looking for information under the editor's name is one option in searching.


1. A field is a defined piece of data, like author's name or book title, that can be searched in an online search interface. It is represented by a space that is labelled, like the Title or Author field.

2. A field can also be a discipline or area of study, like Mathematics.

Field searching

Electronic records are organized into separate fields. When information is entered into a record's field, some search engines allow for retrieval by using the field label in combination with search terms entered. Field searching allows users to specify exactly where they want the search engine to look in the Web document. 

Flash Drive

A small portable device for storing computerized information. A flash drive, sometimes called a thumb drive, can plug into the USB (Universal Serial Bus) port of any computer and store electronic information. 

Full text

Full text of a document is the entire contents of the documents including all the words of an article or book. It can be in PDF format or HTML format (like a webpage). A database will allow you to download or print the full text of an article or document.

Government Documents (GovDocs)

Government documents or government publications are information published by the U.S. government. Some libraries are called repositories and must make ALL or SOME of the government publications available to the public. Many government documents are also open access or freely available online.

Grey Literature

Also called "gray literature," this type of material or research is produced by organizations that are not commercial or academic publishers. It can still be created by academics or business people, but it is not controlled by traditional publishers.


A hold is a request to reserve a physical library item, such as a book, for a specific person. To put a hold on a book, a person can use the "Request This" feature in IUCAT or call the Service & Information Desk for assistance.


Holdings refers to what a library owns. The holdings section of an IUCAT record can also tell you if a book is available on the shelf, checked out (borrowed) by someone else, or missing.


A web hosting service is when a company or organization that hosts your information on their server so that it can be searched on the internet. You pay to lease (rent) the space on the server from the web hosting service.


An image or a portion of text which a web user can click to jump to another document or page on the Web. Textual hyperlinks are often underlined and appear as a different color than the majority of the text on a web page.

In-Text Citation

An in-text citation is a shorter piece of information included in the body of a piece of writing that directs a reader to the full citation at the end [often found on the Works Cited, References, or Bibliography page(s) of the piece of writing]. It typically only includes the author’s last name, and sometimes a page number.


1. A list of names or topics—usually found at the end of a publication—that directs you to the pages where those names or topics are discussed within the publication. 

2. A printed or electronic publication that provides references to periodical articles or books by their subject, author, or other search terms.

Institutional Repository

An institutional repository is an online collection of an institution's scholarly papers, deposited by their authors. Authors can include undergraduate and graduate students, staff and faculty. Our institutional repository is called ScholarWorks and its maintained by the staff of University Library’s Center for Digital Scholarship.

Interlibrary Loan (ILL)

A book and journal article delivery service where you can request items that are not found at the IUPUI University Library. Access ILL at https://ill.ulib.iupui.edu/ILLiad/IUP/logon.html


The International Standard Book Number is a unique number that identifies a specific book edition.


The International Standard Serials Number is a unique number that identifies a specific journal title.


The library catalog for the Indiana University system is called IUCAT. The catalog is an online and public list of resources a library owns or provides access to that you can search.


A collection of articles that are published in a specific subject area. They are published in a series of volumes with issue numbers and can also be called a serial or periodical.

Keywords (or Search Terms)

Keywords are words used to search to find information on a topic. They are also called "search terms" and can be made up of one or more words. For example, dog, “air travel,” and "companion animal" are keywords to use for searching for information about traveling on an airplane with a dog who gives you emotional support.

Liaison Librarian

A librarian that serves specific schools, departments, and programs to support the teaching, learning and research needs of faculty and students in these units. Liaison librarians are also known as subject librarians

Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)

The LCSH is an index of subject headings, maintained by the United States Library of Congress, for use in bibliographic records. These Subject Headings function like subject terms and help you locate information on a specific topic.

Literary Criticism

A scholarly paper which includes current knowledge on a particular topic. Literature reviews, or "lit reviews" use secondary sources and do not report new or original experimental work. 


In a library, a loan is the act of lending (or letting people borrow) our materials for a certain period of time. The typical loan period for an undergraduate to borrow a book is 45 days: http://ulib.iupui.edu/services/loan_periods.


A publication, issued on a regular basis, containing popular articles, written and illustrated in a less technical manner than the articles found in a journal.


A place where people can make things using available tools and materials. For example, University Library has a 3D Printing Studio on the 4th floor.


The copy of an author's work before it gets published. It can be in paper or saved in an electronic document on a computer.


Microfiche is a flat piece of film containing microphotographs of the pages of a newspaper, catalog, or other document.


Microfilm is a length of film containing microphotographs of a newspaper, catalog, or other document.


A book or pamphlet typically about a single topic or subject.


Any information resource that presents information using more than one media (print, picture, audio, or video).


A publication containing information about varied topics that are pertinent to general information, a geographic area, or a specific subject matter (i.e. business, culture, education). Often published daily.

Non-circulating materials

Materials that can only be used at the library, they cannot be checked out. These are high-use reference materials, or fragile and rare items that might get damaged or stolen if we allowed them to be borrowed or “circulated.” 

Open Access (OA)

Literature that is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access materials can be an advanced draft of an author’s manuscript or a finalized version of a published work. You can learn more about OA on the What is OA page.


To state or write something that someone else has said or written using different words. Paraphrasing is useful when you can say what the author intended to say in fewer or clearer words. You may choose to paraphrase instead of quote an author, but you will still need to cite your source.


One of a pair of marks ( ) that are used around a word, phrase, sentence, number, etc. — usually plural (parentheses). Parenthesis can be used around keywords and search terms when searching databases, library catalogs, and search engines like Google. They are helpful for grouping synonyms or related terms with the Boolean operator OR, but can also be used with other Boolean connector words.


A file format developed by Adobe Acrobat® that allows files to be transmitted from one computer to another while retaining their original appearance both on-screen and when printed. An acronym for Portable Document Format.

Peer-reviewed article

An article that was closely examined by a panel of reviewers who are experts on that topic. Reviewers look at research methods, significance of a paper’s contribution to the existing literature, and citations. Papers published in peer-reviewed journals are expert-approved, and the most authoritative sources of information for college-level research papers. 

Peer-Reviewed Journal

Peer review is a process by which editors have experts in a field review books or articles submitted for publication by the experts’ peers. Peer review helps to ensure the quality of an information source. A peer-reviewed journal is also called a refereed journal or scholarly journal.


An information source published in multiple parts at regular intervals (daily, weekly, monthly, biannually). Journals, magazines, and newspapers are all periodicals. See also Serial.

Pop Shop

A section of University Library on the second floor that holds popular books, magazines, movies, and music.

Primary Source

A primary source is information from an event or person that has no analysis. For example, a person's diary or a photograph of a sporting event are considered primary sources.


1. A publisher is a for-profit company or non-profit organization that publishes and disseminates (shares) an author’s work.

2. Bloggers are considered self-publishers because they put their own work online and share it publically.

QR Code

Abbreviation for Quick Response (QR) code. A two-dimensional bar code that is made of small squares in a unique pattern. QR codes allow users to connect to additional resources through mobile devices.


1. Something that a person says or writes that is repeated or used by someone else in another piece of writing or a speech.

2. The act of using a quotation in a piece of writing or a speech.


The library can request that a person return a book they have borrowed before it is due. This is called a recall. 


1.  A service that helps people find needed information. 

2. Sometimes "reference" refers to reference collections, such as encyclopedias, indexes, handbooks, directories, etc. 

3. A citation to a work is also known as a reference.

Reference Section

An area of the library with materials that provide quick and easy-to-understand information on a topic. For example, a dictionary provides information on the meaning of words. An almanac will have a calendar and statistical information on a topic such as farming or sports.

Remote Access

The ability to log onto (or access) networked computer resources from a distant location. Remote access makes available library databases to students researching from home, office, or other locations outside the library.


If you have borrowed a book from University Library and it is due, you can extend the deadline on your borrowing period by "renewing" the book. You can call to renew a book or log onto your IUCAT account.

Request Delivery

The service University Library does to get a book for you from another IU campus is called Request Delivery. When you use the "Request This" button in IUCAT, you are accessing the Request Delivery system.

Research Question

A research question is a question that researchers want to answer through doing research. It may not be written down, but it should be clear through the methods and findings of the research paper what the author's main question is. A research question is similar to a thesis statement, but is phrased in the form of a question.


1. A service providing special, often short-term, access to course-related materials (book or article readings, lecture notes, sample tests) or to other materials (CD-ROMs, audio-visual materials, current newspapers or magazines). 

2. Also the physical location—often a service desk or room—within a library where materials on reserve are kept. Materials can also be made available electronically. See also Course Reserve or Electronic Reserve.

Rich Media Cluster

The fourth floor computers in the rich media cluster have more software programs available on them than the other computers. They are also the only computers in the library where you can download programs from IUware.

Scholarly information (or scholarly source)

A scholarly source of information is information created by experts or academic people about a topic. Some of the most scholarly information is reviewed by other experts in the same field as the creator, this is called the Peer-review Process and it happens before the information is published. Other material that is not peer reviewed may still be scholarly or academic.

Scholarly Journal


ScholarWorks is an online searchable collection of work including contributions from undergraduates, graduate students, and faculty. It is also called an institutional repository and was created by University Library’s Center for Digital Scholarship.

Search Statement

A search statement is the words and connectors (AND, OR, NOT) that you type into a search box. For example, the search statement, cats AND dogs, will find information about both animals.

Secondary Source

A secondary source includes books and articles that provide commentary or analysis about other material, usually primary sources.


A collection of articles that are published in a specific subject area that are numbered or dated. They are often published in a series of volumes with issue numbers and can also be called a journal or periodical.

Service & Information Desk

At University Library, you can get assistance with a variety of questions at the Service & Information Desk on level 2. The employees can help you start on a research project, provide you with information about using the library, and help you find a library classroom.


1. A source of information can be a book, an article, a book chapter. It can also be a webpage, an interview of someone posted on YouTube, or an encyclopedia entry. It is a piece of information that informs you about a topic. It can also be a primary source or a secondary source, depending on how it was created.

2. A source can also refer to a citation. If you need 5 sources for your paper, you must have 5 citations to different pieces of information. 

Special Collections

Special Collections are rare or unique library materials or collections that are housed apart from a library's general collections. They often include primary source materials. Special Collections at IUPUI University Library include the materials housed in the Ruth Lilly Special Collections and Archives on the lower level and the Joseph and Matthew Payton Philanthropic Studies Library located on the second level.


Library book shelves.


In the context of citations, a style is a set of guidelines from an organization about how to properly write, format, and cite a paper or other work that has a written component. Some styles include the Modern Language Association or MLA and the American Psychology Association or APA. The handbooks these organizations publish are often called "style guides" or "style manuals." You can find more information on our citation guide.

Subject Librarians

Subject librarians have expertise in one or more academic subject areas such as Engineering or Political Science. They sometimes liaise with campus departments or schools and can be called liaison librarians.

Subject Terms

Subject terms are tagged and often hyperlinked on an item record in a database to help you find information on a topic. You can search the database thesaurus to find the best term to describe your topic, also called the "preferred term." For example, the Subject Term college campuses is tagged on all articles that are about college and university campuses.

Technology Service Desk

University Library has a Technology Service Desk on level 4 where you can get help with computer hardware and software issues as well as help with printing, scanning, the Rich Media Cluster, or the 3d Printers.


1. A thesis is a central statement of a research paper or essay that explains what the author is intending to argue or persuade the readers to believe. If a thesis is phrased in the form of a question, it is called the research question.

2. A thesis can also be a long research paper, usually containing original research data, written by a candidate for a college degree. For example, A Master's Thesis. If the Master’s student decides to apply for a PhD, they will most likely write a Dissertation. Both Master’s theses and dissertations can be called a “graduate thesis.”

Thumb Drive

See also Flash Drive.


To transfer information from a computer system or a personal computer to another computer system or a larger computer system.

URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

The unique address for a web page which is used in citing it. A URL consists of the access protocol (http), the domain name (www.nmsu.edu), and often the path to a file or resource residing on that server.

User ID

A number or name unique to a particular user of computerized resources. A user ID must often be entered in order to access library resources remotely.

Virtual Reference

A service allowing library users to ask questions through email, text message, or live-chat as opposed to coming to the reference desk at the library and asking a question in person. Also referred to as “online reference” or “e-reference.”


A virtual private network (VPN) allows you to temporarily create or join a private network across an existing public network. It allows for secure remote access to restricted online resources when you are at home, in a coffee shop, or anywhere off campus. IUPUI provides VPN services for off-campus access to our online resources. More information on connecting to IUPUI's VPN: https://kb.iu.edu/d/ajrq.

White Paper

A white paper is a report from an authoritative source, like the government, that gives information or proposals on an issue.